Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is based on the theory that our thoughts, the way we interpret events around us, create our moods. Treatment involves learning to recognise negative thoughts & behavioural patterns as they occur and then to challenge them and rethink them.
In CBT the client and therapist work collaboratively to understand problems in terms of the relationship between thoughts, feelings and behaviour. The approach usually focuses on difficulties in the here and now. This leads to the identification of personalised, time limited therapy goals and strategies which are continually monitored and evaluated. Treatment will also involve the therapist setting tasks to complete between sessions to enable the client to apply and practice changes in everyday life.
Is CBT effective?
Through extensive research CBT has been shown to be effective for a wide range of problems. CBT is recommended by the National Institute of Clinical Evidence (NICE) which advises the NHS on effective treatments (www.nice.org.uk). CBT is one of the most effective treatments for conditions where anxiety or depression is the main problem. For many conditions it has been shown to be more effective than other kinds of treatment, including anti-depressant medication.
There is always a risk that depression or anxiety may return. There is research to indicate CBT is more effective than anti-depressants at preventing depression/anxiety returning.
Schema Focused Therapy
This is an innovative integrative psychological therapy applicable to a wide range of relationship difficulties. It is a structured approach which addresses core beliefs, coping styles and behavioural patterns. The therapy has depth and complexity but can be presented in a straightforward and accessible manner. Treatment is active and directive and goes beyond insight to lead to lasting cognitive, emotional, interpersonal and behavioural change.
Schema Therapy integrates elements of Cognitive Therapy, Behaviour Therapy, Object Relations and Gestalt Therapy into one unified systematic approach to treatment. Further information can be obtained at www.schematherapy.com